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Seabream, also known as porgies, is a common name for a variety of fish species belonging to the family Sparidae. These fish are found in both temperate and tropical waters around the world, including Asia. Here are some key characteristics and information about seabream:

  1. Appearance: Seabream species vary in appearance, but they generally have deep, compressed bodies and large scales. They often have a distinctive shape, with a sloping forehead and a blunt snout. Seabreams may display colors ranging from silver to gold, with some species featuring stripes, spots, or other markings.
  2. Habitat: Seabreams inhabit a range of coastal habitats, including rocky reefs, seagrass beds, and sandy bottoms. They are commonly found in shallow to moderately deep waters, although some species may venture into deeper offshore areas. Seabreams are often associated with structure, such as rocks, wrecks, and artificial reefs, where they feed on crustaceans, mollusks, and small fish.
  3. Species Diversity: The Sparidae family includes numerous species of seabream, each with its own distribution, habitat preferences, and characteristics. Common species found in Asian waters include the Japanese seabream (madai), black seabream (kurodai), red seabream (akadai), and yellowback seabream (kodai).
  4. Culinary Importance: Seabream is highly valued for its firm, white flesh and mild, sweet flavor. It is a popular food fish in many Asian countries, where it is often prepared using simple cooking methods such as grilling, steaming, or frying. Seabream is prized for its versatility and suitability for a wide range of culinary applications.
  5. Fishing: Seabreams are targeted by both commercial fishermen and recreational anglers in Asia. They are commonly caught using a variety of fishing techniques, including bottom fishing, jigging, and drift fishing. Seabreams are known for their strong fighting ability and are popular sportfish among anglers.
  6. Aquaculture: Some species of seabream, such as the gilthead seabream (Sparus aurata), are also raised in aquaculture farms for the seafood market. Farmed seabream is produced in floating sea cages or land-based facilities and is prized for its high-quality flesh and consistent availability.
  7. Conservation: While many seabream species are abundant and commercially exploited, overfishing and habitat degradation can pose threats to their populations. Sustainable fishing practices, habitat conservation, and responsible aquaculture management are important for ensuring the long-term health and sustainability of seabream stocks.

Overall, seabreams are important fish species in Asian waters, both ecologically and economically. Their culinary appeal, sporting qualities, and cultural significance make them valued resources in the region's coastal communities. 

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