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Tambaqui (Colossoma macropomum) is a species of freshwater fish native to the Amazon Basin in South America. Here are some key characteristics and information about Tambaqui:

  1. Appearance: Tambaqui have a robust and laterally compressed body with a slightly humped back. They are typically olive-green or brown in color with a lighter underside. Their scales are large and cycloid, and they have a deeply forked caudal fin.
  2. Size: Tambaqui are one of the largest species of characin and can grow to impressive sizes. Adults commonly reach lengths of 3 to 4 feet (90 to 120 cm) and weights exceeding 50 pounds (23 kg), although individuals weighing over 90 pounds (40 kg) have been recorded.
  3. Habitat: Tambaqui are found in a variety of freshwater habitats, including rivers, lakes, flooded forests, and slow-moving streams throughout the Amazon Basin. They prefer warm, oxygen-rich waters with abundant vegetation and submerged structure.
  4. Diet: Tambaqui are omnivorous and feed on a variety of plant matter, fruits, seeds, and small invertebrates. They play a crucial role in dispersing seeds and nutrients throughout their habitat, contributing to the health and diversity of the ecosystem.
  5. Breeding: Tambaqui are capable of breeding in flooded forests during the rainy season when river levels rise and floodplains are inundated. They migrate into flooded areas to spawn, where eggs are laid among submerged vegetation and root systems.
  6. Cultural Importance: Tambaqui are an important food fish and a staple of indigenous Amazonian cuisine. They are valued for their delicious flesh, which is rich in protein and essential nutrients. Tambaqui are also farmed commercially in the region due to their fast growth rate and popularity among consumers.
  7. Conservation: While Tambaqui populations are generally stable and widespread throughout the Amazon Basin, habitat degradation and overfishing pose threats to their long-term survival. Sustainable management practices, habitat preservation, and conservation efforts are important for ensuring the continued health of Tambaqui populations and their ecosystems.

Overall, Tambaqui are fascinating and important freshwater fish species that play a vital role in the ecology and culture of the Amazon Basin. Their impressive size, delicious flesh, and cultural significance make them a prized resource for indigenous communities and commercial fisheries alike. 

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