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1. Physical Description: Impalas have a slender and agile build, with a reddish-brown coat on their upper body and lighter shades on their underparts. They have vertical black stripes on their hindquarters and a distinctive "M" marking on their rear. Male impalas are larger than females and possess impressive, lyre-shaped horns that can reach up to 3 feet (1 meter) in length.

2. Habitat: Impalas are highly adaptable and can be found in a variety of habitats across sub-Saharan Africa, including savannas, woodlands, and grasslands. They prefer areas with a mix of open spaces for grazing and cover for protection.

3. Social Behavior: Impalas are social animals and usually form mixed-sex herds that can range from a few individuals to several hundred. These herds provide protection against predators and allow for communal vigilance. Male impalas often establish territories and engage in territorial displays to defend their mating rights.

4. Mating Season and Reproduction: Impalas have a distinct mating season, usually taking place during the rainy season when food is abundant. During this time, males engage in territorial fights and vocal displays to attract females. After a gestation period of around 6 to 7 months, a single calf is born, which is able to walk and run shortly after birth.

5. Antipredator Adaptations: Impalas have developed various adaptations to evade predators. They are incredibly agile and can leap up to 10 feet (3 meters) high and cover distances of up to 30 feet (9 meters) in a single bound. Their excellent jumping ability allows them to escape from predators quickly. Additionally, they rely on their keen senses, such as sharp eyesight and hearing, to detect potential threats.

6. Diet: Impalas are herbivores and primarily feed on grasses and leaves. They are selective grazers, preferring tender shoots and leaves with higher nutritional value.

7. Conservation Status: The impala is not currently considered a threatened species. Its adaptable nature and wide distribution contribute to its conservation status being listed as "Least Concern" by the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN).

Impalas are iconic animals of the African savannas, known for their graceful movements and striking appearance. Their ability to thrive in a variety of habitats and their impressive leaping abilities make them a fascinating species to observe in the wild. 

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